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Course Descriptions

1101 BIOSCIENCE (4 hours)
A general introduction to biological science for non-biology majors. Lecture and laboratory. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1501, BIOL 1502, BIOL 1503.

1110 TOPICS IN BIOLOGY (1-4 hours)
A study of a topic selected from the biological sciences at an introductory level.

1115 HUMAN BIOLOGY (3 hours)
An introduction to the biological basis of human life, with emphasis on those organ systems and human behaviors that are most significantly involved in issues of health and illness.

1120 CONCEPTS OF GENETICS (3 hours)
An introduction to the science of heredity from Mendel to molecular genetics. This course will emphasize the applications of modern genetics including human genetic diseases, genetic engineering, gene therapy, the human genome project and ethics.

1501 MOLECULES AND CELLS (4 hours)
An introduction to the chemical and cellular basis of life for natural science majors. This course will examine biochemistry, cell structure and function, cell division, genetics, molecular biology, genomics and biotechnology. Lecture and laboratory. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1501.

1502 STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ORGANISMS (4 hours)
An introduction to the morphology and physiology of plants and animals for natural science majors. This course will emphasize the diversity of structure and function among living organisms. Lecture and laboratory. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 1101 and 1502.

1503 ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION (4 hours)
An introduction to principles of ecology and evolution for natural science majors. This course will examine ecosystems, populations, biogeochemical cycles, biogeography, natural selection, and speciation. Lecture and laboratory. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1503..

2110 INTERMEDIATE TOPICS IN BIOLOGY (1-4 hours)
A study of topics in the biological sciences at the intermediate level.

2419 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I (4 hours)
Cell structure and functions; tissue and organ systems: Skeletal, muscular and nervous. Lecture and laboratory. Not recommended for Biology majors.

2420 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II (4 hours)
Organ systems: Circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, endocrine and reproductive systems. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 2419. Not recommended for Biology majors.

2450 ORNITHOLOGY (4 hours)
Astudy of the biology of birds, to include their behavior, conservation, ecology, evolution, flight, and migration. The lab will emphasize identification of birds in the wild and will also include opportunities to capture and band wild birds. One overnight weekend trip is required.

2475 TROPICAL BIOLOGY (3 hours)
An introduction to the biology of tropical ecosystems. Content may vary but typically will include a natural history of tropical plants and animals, tropical ecology, and conservation and sustainable use of tropical resources. Includes a trip to the tropics. Same as ENV 2475.

2501 BIODIVERSITY I (4 hours)
A study of biological diversity to include anatomy, morphology, physiology and evolution of bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae, and plants. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502. Same as ENV 2475.

2502 BIODIVERSITY II (4 hours)
A study of biological diversity to include anatomy, morphology, physiology and evolution of amoebas, flagellates, ciliates, and animals. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502.

2503 BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS (2 hours)
An introduction to biological research including experimental design, data analysis, statistics, literature review, scientific writing and scientific speaking. Prerequisite: BIOL 1501, BIOL 1502 or BIOL1503.

2509 FIELD BOTANY(4 hours)
An introduction to the study of plants in the field, including winter botany, plant identification, reproductive ecology, useful and harmful plants, and a general treatment of the vegetation and plant communities of North Carolina. Lecture, laboratory and field work. Prerequisite: BIOL 1101 or BIOL 1502.

3505 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY (3 hours)
A study of the biological principles that can be brought to bear upon species conservation. Principles will come from areas such as population biology, community ecology, human contributions to extinction, and strategies for reversing species declines. Lecture and some field trips. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502 or 1503 (both recommended).

3509 DENDROLOGY(3 hours)
A study of woody plants, to include identification, classification, distinguishing characteristics, habits, ranges and habitats, with emphasis on the southeastern United States. Lecture, laboratory and field work. Prerequisite: BIOL 1101 or BIOL 1502.

3510 SELECTED TOPICS IN ADVANCED BIOLOGY(1-4 hours)
Any biological topic of an advanced level of difficulty, not listed in the College Bulletin, and mutually agreed upon by a professor who is qualified in the subject and a group of students, may be offered if there is sufficient demand. Credit will vary with the number of lectures and laboratories offered per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1501 or 1502 OR 1503 and permission of the instructor.

3514 TOPICS IN CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY(1-4 hours)
An upper level course on a topic in cellular and/or molecular biology not listed in the College Catalog. Credit will vary with the number of lectures and laboratories offered per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1501 and permission of the Instructor.

3512 TOPICS IN ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY(1-4 hours)
An upper level course on a topic in organismal biology not listed in the College Catalog. Credit will vary with the number of lectures and laboratories offered per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1502 and permission of the Instructor.

3513 TOPICS IN ECOLOGY(1-4 hours)
An upper level course on a topic in ecology not listed in the College catalog. Credit will vary with the number of lectures and laboratories offered per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1503 and permission of the Instructor.

3521 COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY(4 hours)
A study of the past record of evolution (temporal diversity or phylogeny) and the present result of evolution (spatial diversity) of the organs and organ systems of vertebrates with consideration given to their functional adaptations. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502.

3527 VERTEBRATE ECOLOGY(4 hours)
A study of vertebrate ecology, particularly how scientists learn about vertebrates by studying them in the wild. Topics will include vertebrate distribution, abundance, behavior, conservation, and evolution. Labs will emphasize sampling vertebrate populations and communities. Lecture and Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1503.

3550 ELECTRON MICROSCOPY(4 hours)
A study of the theory, preparation and examination of biological materials for light and electron microscopy. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1501.

3552 BIOCHEMISTRY(4 hours)
Same as CHEM 3552. An introduction to the chemistry of cellular processes, to include protein conformation and function, the generation and storage of metabolic energy, and the biosynthesis of important cellular structures as the main themes. The course will include a seminar emphasizing representative case studies involving the clinical application of biochemical knowledge. Prerequisite or corequisite CHEM 2602.

3562 MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY(4 hours)
The biology of microorganisms including systematics, metabolism, pathogenic mechanisms, and industrial uses. The cellular and humoral immune responses of vertebrates are emphasized in lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502.

3575 PLANT TAXONOMY(4 hours)
Classification and systematic survey of vascular plants, principles and methods of systematic botany, general evolutionary relationships and the development of technical keying skills. Lecture, laboratory and overnight field trips. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502 and 1503.

3580 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY(4 hours)
The study of function at the cellular, organ, and organismic level. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1502.

3590 CELL BIOLOGY (4 hours)
A comprehensive study of cells with emphasis on the relationship between structure and function at the cellular and subcellular level. Topics include: organelles, cell division, energy metabolism, cell motility systems, and cell differentiation. Prerequisites: BIOL 1501 and CHEM 2601.

3591 GENETICS(4 hours)
A general study of the basic principles of inheritance, the chemical, structural, and functional bases of genetic material, and quantitative and population genetics. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1501.

3593 ECOLOGY(4 hours)
A general study of ecological principles to include structure of communities, organism-environment interactions, energy flow, nutrient cycling, competition and population dynamics. Lecture, laboratory and two overnight field trips. Prerequisite: BIOL 1503.

3599 BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY(4 hours)
A study of the ways in which an animal’s behavior contributes to the survival and reproductive success of individuals. Topics include social behavior, predator-prey interactions, foraging decisions, mate choice, and parental care. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: BIOL 1503.

3600 EVOLUTION (3 hours)
Advanced study of the evolution of life on earth. Topics will include evolution at the molecular through population levels, human evolution, and the history of evolutionary thought. Prerequisites or corequisites: Junior or senior standing, BIOL 1501, 1502, and 1503.

4101 BIOLOGY SEMINAR(1-3 hours)
Reports and discussions on various topics in biology presented by students and faculty. Prerequisite: permission of Department Chairman and Instructor.

4201 PRACTICUM IN BIOLOGY (1-6 hours)
A participatory study of a subject under the supervision and guidance of persons in an off-campus situation. Prerequisites: Junior standing in biology permission of coordinating professor and departmental approval. Application must be approved in the semester preceding the one in which the practicum is to be undertaken.

4301 INDEPENDENT STUDY IN BIOLOGY(1-6 hours)
Self-directed study following a contractual plan initiated by the student and conducted under a faculty advisor. Prerequisites: Junior standing in biology, permission of coordinating professor, and departmental approval. Contract must be approved in the semester preceding the one in which the study is to be undertaken.

4401 INTERNSHIP IN BIOLOGY(1-6 hours)
Field experience in some aspect of biology with formal evaluation, supervision and direction provided by an outside agency in concert with the supervisory professor and student. Prerequisites: Permission of coordinating professor and departmental approval. Application must be approved in the semester preceding the one in which the internship is to be undertaken.

4501 CAPSTONE IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE (2 hours)
A capstone experience for senior biology majors that will integrate material learned in the major. A project will be completed that includes reading, writing, synthesis, analysis, and public speaking. Prerequisite: BIOL 2503 and Senior standing.