The curriculum is guided by the standards instituted by the AACN Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice which provides the educational framework or the preparation of professional nurse generalists and is supported by the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies; and the metaparadigm concepts of nursing, environment, person and health.
Nursing knowledge and judgment is derived from theoretical principles of health and science and is supported by foundational competencies of liberal studies to include critical thinking, effective communication, and standards of nursing practice. Professional nurses integrate these principles, competencies, and standards with evidence-based nursing practice using best practice models and the nursing process to promote safe, continuous, quality health care and wellness. Nurses use the delivery and application of nursing knowledge to intervene accordingly with respect to spiritual, legal, cultural, and ethical considerations of a person and their environment based on their actual, perceived, or desired state of health. Nursing practice positively impacts the environment by promoting disease prevention and management, education, and counseling using an interdisciplinary approach to meet the complex health care needs of a dynamically diverse society.
Environment is an organized system of surroundings to include a person’s home, community, society, work, and family. The environment is influenced by a person’s socioeconomic status, policy, technological accessibility, and sociocultural aspects which impacts healthcare and influences nursing interactions, and internal or external environmental stimuli. Nursing interventions are directed toward creating, modifying, and enhancing environments to promote optimal health.
Persons are unique and holistic individuals with physiological, psychosocial, psychological, spiritual, cultural, and developmental needs throughout the life-cycle. A person has constant interactions across the life-cycle within the environment and with members of society to include family, community, and global populations. These interactions affect actual or perceived states of health, health care needs, and health care beliefs.
Health is a dynamic state of perceived and actual biological, physiological, developmental, and psychosocial balance across the wellness-illness continuum. Health is viewed as a holistic process that should be accessible to all but may vary based on a person’s environment, beliefs, culture, and social and economic status. Nursing care assists in the achievement of a balanced state of health via health care promotion and management, and disease prevention.